*Crumbionos / *Cambionos is a regional take on the Gael god Crom Cruach / Crom Dubh.
The translation of His theonyms would be “Bent/Crooked/Curved or Crouched One”.
*Crumbionos takes inspiration from the Crom portion; From Proto-Celtic *Krumbo- (round, curved), which is figured by Matasovic to be borrowed to or from Proto-Germanic *Krumbaz (bent, crooked, curved), or borrowed from a Non-IE language into Celtic and Germanic languages entirely.
There’s no evidence of *Krumbo- making it into Continental Celtic languages, and it’s descendents are only located in Insular Celtic langauges, so it was directly borrowed by me into my dialect from Proto-Celtic.
*Cambionos however draws from Cambo-, an attested Continental Celtic word for the same meanings as *Krumbo-. The word also is borrowed into Latin as ‘Change’/‘Exchange’, and is the root for the word ‘Cambion’, a term that is possibly the Continental Celtic concept of ‘Changeling’, but also a word in the 19th century for a ‘half-demon half-human hybrid’ such as ‘Merlin’.
Various folklore of Crom Cruach / Crom Dubh survives in Insular Celtic speaking lands such as Scotland and Ireland, as well as landmarks named after Him.
Mag Slecht in the The Metrical Dindshenchas
Here used to stand a lofty idol, that saw many a fight, whose name was the Cromm Cruaich; it caused every tribe to live without peace. Alas for its secret power! the valiant Gaedil used to worship it: not without tribute did they ask of it to satisfy them with their share in the hard world.He was their god, the wizened Cromm, hidden by many mists: as for the folk that believed in him, the eternal Kingdom beyond every haven shall not be theirs.For him ingloriously they slew their hapless firstborn with much wailing and peril, to pour their blood round Cromm Cruaich.
Milk and corn they asked of him speedily in return for a third part of all their progeny: great was the horror and outcry about him.To him the bright Gaedil did obeisance: from his worship—many the crimes—the plain bears the name Mag Slecht. Thither came Tigernmas, prince of distant Tara, one Samain eve, with all his host: the deed was a source of sorrow to them. They stirred evil, they beat palms, they bruised bodies, wailing to the demon who held them thralls, they shed showers of tears, weeping prostrate. Dead the men, void of sound strength the hosts of Banba, with land-wasting Tigernmas in the north, through the worship of Cromm Cruaich—hard their hap! For well I know, save a fourth part of the eager Gaedil, not a man—lasting the snare—escaped alive, without death on his lips. Round Cromm Cruaich there the hosts did obeisance: though it brought them under mortal shame, the name cleaves to the mighty plain.
As we see here, Crom Cruach is portrayed as a bloodthirsty harvest god covered by mists, demanding the blood of first borns, though these bits of folklore certainly reveal a Christian bias.
Folklore in various regions depict Crom Cruach / Crom Dubh and Lugh fighting against each other for the harvest to bring back to the people. Depending on the region, according to Felicity Hayes-McCoy, it’s either Lugh or Crom Cruach / Crom Dubh that succeeds in bringing the harvest. This certainly shows a more nuanced view on the ‘Crooked / Crouched One’.
Demonstrated from the iconography below, *Crumbionos / *Cambionos was gifted the depiction of a frog/toad as a nod to His crouched/bent nature. The bull horns is an acknowledgment of Crom Cruach / Crom Dubh lore surrounding bull sacrifice and His strength. The dogs and hammer show a mysterious and chthonic nature. The harvest on his back can be recognized as wild rice or wheat. The skulls in front of Him point to the accusations of human sacrifice to Crom Cruach / Crom Dubh.
Since we the Leitodubrakiî have gifted *Crumbionos / *Cambionos the image of a frog as His depiction, it’s appropriate to mention that Leitodubron (Minnesota) has 14 species of frog; 7 True Frog species, 4 Tree Frog species, and 3 Toad species.
From the Minnesota DNR page:
Toads and frogs often conjure up thoughts of wet places–misty swamps and enchanted nights when mysterious calls rise from the water’s edge. Although wetlands are crucial to their life cycle, these amphibians don’t live exclusively in water. They often emerge from their aquatic homes to become land dwellers. Some hardy toads and frogs even spend their entire winter in the leaf litter of a forest floor or in a deep burrow below the frost line of an open grassland.
Toads and frogs are collectively known as anurans–tailless amphibians. The 14 species of toads and frogs found in Minnesota are grouped into three families: toads, treefrogs, and true frogs. All species within each family share similar features, but each individual species has its own unique breeding call, survival strategy, and environmental niche.
Over thousands of years, Minnesota’s toads and frogs have adapted to survive a wide range of conditions. By learning more about these amphibians, their habitats, and their survival methods, Minnesotans can better appreciate why we need to conserve the wetlands, grasslands, and forests where these fascinating animals live. Their presence is an indication that we are doing a good job of preserving wetland habitat and water quality. Conversely, when toads and frogs disappear, it could mean the ecosystems that sustain them are ailing.
FUNCTION OF CRUMBIONOS / CAMBIONOS LEITODUBRII IN BESSUS LEITODUBRÂKON: Crumbionos / Cambionos is multifaceted god with associations of harvest time (the end of Summer to the beginning of Autumn), but also a wizened god within mists and fog. Frogs are His sacred animal, and when they perform their songs, They sing in honor of Him. Due to the inter allia of His theonym (regarding change and metamorphosis), He plays a major part in the nertobessus (athletic cult), gifting recovery and transformation over time.
- Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic by Ranko Matasović p. 227
- Dictionnaire de la langue Gauloise (2nd ed.) by Xavier Delamarre (2003) Paris: Editions Errance p. 100
- Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic by Ranko Matasović p. 186